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Equality: Substantive v Formal


Equality as a concept involves competing social values. It spans the spectrum of politics.  On one end of the spectrum is Formal Equality that focuses on traditional liberalism, such as individual freedom, requiring consistency of treatment regardless of difference.  On the other end of the spectrum is Substantive Equality steeped in social democratic values (such as solidarity and welfare), which argues for the breaking down or dismantling of structures entrenched in discrimination.  For more on Substantive Equality v Formal Equality: http://erinaree.com/2013/07/31/equality-formal-vs-substantive-and-why-i-care/

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